Daily readings about people, places, and events in American history.
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June 20th
The Great Seal of the United States - Front Side
The Great Seal of the United States, which you’ll find on the back of every one dollar bill, is our nation’s official emblem. Adopted on June 20, 1782, it’s full of symbols that have specific meanings about values the Founders wanted to pass on to each generation.

The front of the Great Seal bears the coat of arms of the United States, showing an American bald eagle with a shield on its breast. The shield contains thirteen vertical red and white stripes, representing the thirteen original states. The eagle holds an olive branch with thirteen leaves and thirteen olives in its right talon, symbolizing strength in peace. It holds thirteen arrows in its left talon, meaning strength during war. The eagle faces the olive branch to show that Americans prefer peace.

In its beak the eagle holds a scroll inscribed with the Latin motto E Pluribus Unum (“Out of Many, One”). The motto refers to the fact that the U.S. is one nation formed by several states. Above the eagle’s head is a cloud surrounding a constellation of thirteen stars. The constellation breaking through the cloud symbolizes the United States taking its place among the other nations.

The red in the Great Seal symbolizes hardiness and valor. The white stands for purity and innocence; and the blue represents vigilance, perseverance, and justice.

American History Parade
Congress approves the Great Seal of the United States.

West Virginia becomes the thirty-fifth state.

During the Spanish-American War, the U.S. cruiser Charleston captures the island of Guam.

The Ed Sullivan Show (originally called Toast of the Town) debuts.

The U.S. and U.S.S.R. agree to install a telephone “hotline” between the two superpowers’ leaders.

The summer sensation movie Jaws is released.
This content is courtesy of The American Patriot's Almanac
© 2008, 2010 by William J. Bennett and John T.E. Cribb

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