Daily readings about people, places, and events in American history.
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November 12th
What Is An American?
When French-American J. Hector St. John de Crèvecoeur died on November 12, 1813, he left behind a vivid portrait of life on the eighteenth-century American frontier. Crèvecoeur had emigrated to the New World in 1755 and eventually settled on a farm in New York. His impressions, published in England in 1782 as Letters from an American Farmer, still offer insights about the American character:

What then is the American, this new man? . . . He is an American who, leaving behind him all his ancient prejudices and manners, receives new ones from the new mode of life he has embraced, the new government he obeys, and the new rank he holds. He becomes an American by being received in the broad lap of our great Alma Mater. Here individuals of all nations are melted into a new race of men, whose labors and posterity will one day cause great changes in the world. Americans are the western pilgrims who are carrying along with them that great mass of arts, sciences, vigor, and industry which began long since in the East; they will finish the great circle. . . . The American ought therefore to love this country much better than that wherein either he or his forefathers were born. Here the rewards of his industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor … without any part being claimed, either by a despotic prince, a rich abbot, or a mighty lord. . . . The American is a new man, who acts upon new principles; he must therefore entertain new ideas and form new opinions. From involuntary idleness, servile dependence, penury, and useless labor, he has passed to toils of a very different nature, rewarded by ample  subsistence. This is an American.
American History Parade
In Pittsburgh, William “Pudge” Heffelfinger becomes the first professional football player when he earns $500 playing for the Allegheny Athletic Association against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club.

The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal begins, a pivotal Allied victory in the Pacific.

Ellis Island closes after processing more than 12 million immigrants since opening in New York Harbor in 1892.

The space shuttle Columbia becomes the first manned spacecraft ever to be launched twice when it lifts off at Cape Canaveral, Florida.
This content is courtesy of The American Patriot's Almanac
© 2008, 2010 by William J. Bennett and John T.E. Cribb

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